When the Civil War began in the spring of 1861, the leaders of the women's movement, particularly Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902), faced a dilemma. Should they stop organizing for the vote, the ownership of property, child custody, and other rights? Or should they continue to pressure legislators while the nation was struggling for its very survival?
After the battle of Bull Run, she was greatly impressed by the stories she heard regarding the suffering on the field, due in part to lack of supplies. With characteristic independence, she advertised in the Worcester Spy for provisions for the wounded. They came pouring in, and she established a distributing agency.
Although most scholars agree that Boyd made important contributions to the Shenandoah Valley campaigns, some of the dramatic details of her memoir, Belle Boyd, in Camp and Prison, are still controversial.
Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802-1887) was an American reformer whose pioneer efforts to improve treatment of mental patients stimulated broad reforms in hospitals, jails, and asylums in the United States and abroad
The article presents an overview of the vital roles of women's petticoats during the Civil War and the girls and women who served as spies during the war, including Belle Boyd, Elizabeth Van Lew, and Pauline Crushman.
Elizabeth Van Lew was a wealthy and refined (cultured) lady of Richmond, Virginia—the city that became the Confederate capital during the Civil War. Her neighbors called her "Crazy Bet" and laughed at her strange behavior. But she only pretended to be eccentric (odd or peculiar). In fact, she was a cunning and highly effective spy for the Union.
Many women writers of the time were against slavery, believing that it destroyed families by selling children away from their mothers. Following are some of those female authors, their reasons for writing, and a description of their published works.
Profiles Albert Cashier, a woman named Jennie Hodgers who passed herself as a private in Illinois' 95th Infantry Regiment, Company G during the Civil War. Participation of Cashier in the campaign in Vicksburg, Mississippi; Details on her military career; Why she joined the army.
More than twenty thousand women -- in both official and unofficial (many women simply assumed the duties of nurses when a battle took place near their homes) capacities -- served as nurses on both sides during the Civil War. Many felt that volunteering as a nurse was a way to help. Because the men rarely saw women during the war years, they called the nurses "angels of the battlefield."
On August 23, 1861, the infamous Confederate spy Rose Greenhow was placed under arrest in Washington, D.C. One of hundreds of women who served as spies for either side during the Civil War, Greenhow is believed to have contributed to the South’s victory at the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas).
Some 400 women served as soldiers in the Civil War, discovered only at death, when wounded or later by their letters. Some famous women soldiers were Melinda Blaylock, Edwin Rosetta Wakeman, Albert Cashier who was Jenny Hodges, Franklin Thompson who was Canadian Sarah Edmonds, nurse, scout and spy.
Clara Barton dedicated her life and energies to help others in times of need - both home and abroad, in peacetime as well as during military emergencies. Glen Echo was her home the last 15 years of her life and the structure illustrates her dedication and concern for those less fortunate than herself.