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The following answer comes from AIDS.gov:
“AIDS” is an acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
- A – Acquired – AIDS is not something you inherit from your parents. You acquire AIDS after birth.
- I – Immuno – Your body's immune system includes all the organs and cells that work to fight off infection or disease.
- D – Deficiency – You get AIDS when your immune system is "deficient," or isn't working the way it should.
- S – Syndrome – A syndrome is a collection of symptoms and signs of disease. AIDS is a syndrome, rather than a single disease, because it is a complex illness with a wide range of complications and symptoms.
AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, and not everyone who has HIV advances to this stage. People at this stage of HIV disease have badly damaged immune systems, which put them at risk for opportunistic infections (OIs).
“HIV” stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
- H – Human – This particular virus can only infect human beings.
- I – Immunodeficiency – HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells called CD4 cells or t-cells, which fight disease and infection. A "deficient" immune system can't protect you from contracting other illnesses.
- V – Virus – A virus can only reproduce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its host. But unlike other viruses, once you have this one, you have it for life.
Unlike AIDS, it is possible for a human to be born already infected with HIV.
It is also possible that someone with HIV may progress to AIDS. Drugs and treatment now available can help keep the HIV virus at bay. With early detection and diligent care, it is now possible to for an HIV infected person to live a long time.
HIV is not spread through:
Air • Water • Insects • Saliva • Drinking fountains • Toilet seats • Hugs • Handshakes • Casual contact
A person infected with HIV can transmit the disease through certain body fluids.
Blood • Semen (cum) • Pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum) • Rectal fluids • Vaginal fluids • Breast milk
Transmission mainly occurs via
• Sexual contact
Sexual intercourse with someone who has HIV
• Injection drug use
Sharing needles or other drug equipment with someone who has HIV
Though less common, HIV can also be spread via
• Pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding • Blood transfusion, organ transplant • On the job exposure
At this time, there is no cure for HIV / AIDS.
There is also no way to vaccinate against contracting the disease.
However, antiretroviral therapy (ART), a treatment that involves taking a group of HIV medicines every day, can help people who are infected live longer.
Scientists around the world continue to research better treatments, new prevention methods, and ultimately a cure for HIV/AIDS.
HIV and AIDS by Deadly diseases & epidemics series.
Describes the pandemic in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean; explains how HIV causes AIDS; and discusses diagnosis, treatments, prevention, and the future of the disease.
Call Number: 616.979 Bec
Publication Date: 2003
HIV/AIDS by Offers factual information about HIV and AIDS, providing an overview of the pandemic, discussing how they effect families, addressing connections to poverty, and exploring prevention, treatment, and related discrimination.
Call Number: 616.979 Mar
Publication Date: 2010
Explore other guides in this series
Useful starting points
HIV Basics - CDC
Information on transmission, testing, prevention, and more from the Center for Disease Control.
From AIDS.gov comes basic information about HIV/AIDS, HIV prevention, and HIV testing. For those just diagnosed with HIV, find information on what to do next. Learn how to stay healthy while living with HIV.
Myths about HIV/AIDS
A few answers to some common mythconceptions about HIV/AIDS
Tips for Teens: The Truth About HIV/AIDS
Informs teens about HIV/AIDS, including how it is transmitted and behaviors that increase the risk of transmission. Includes signs and symptoms, suggestions for getting tested, and how to help a friend who has HIV or AIDS. Q&A page and resources.
Wheeler Health Center
Nurse McKenna, Nurse Hughes, and Ms. O'Neil are great resources for all of us right here on campus. You can find their office on the first floor of the Madden Gym.